Eruca sativa, commonly called arugula or rocket salad is an annual plant.
Here are some interesting facts about this leafy salad vegetable.
Arugula is rich in antioxidants called lutein and zeaxanthin that work to fight radical damage to the eye causing age related diseases like macular degeneration or cataract.
Arugula prevents calcification of the blood vessels of the heart called coronary artery calcification as it restricts calcium from being leeched out of the bones.
Arugula provides a significant source of vitamin K and aids in calcification of the bones. 100g of arugula provides you 136% of daily value of Vitamin K.
Vitamin K regulates the metabolism of calcium and is necessary for the strengthening of the bones. Low intake of vitamin K can result in crippling osteoporosis later in life as well as other degenerative joint diseases.
The most important function of Vitamin K is in the regulation of blood clotting factors. Vitamin K is essential for blood coagulation or clotting. Deficiency of Vitamin K can lead to severe bleeding disorders.
Arugula is a good source of folate and provides 25% of recommended daily amount of folic acid. Folic acid deficiency in pregnant women can lead to neural tube tube defects in newborn babies.
Being an affluent source of Vitamin C, arugula slows down the symptoms of aging. Vitamin C which is an antioxidant vitamin, boost the production of collagen, a protein required by the skin to restore its natural elasticity. Deficiency of vitamin C can lead to premature aging as well as various skin and hair complications.