Grapes belong to the deciduous woody vines of the flowering plant Vitis and are botanically a berry. White grapes are actually green in color which are evolutionary derived from the purple grapes. Anthocyanin production is put off in white grapes which are responsible for giving purple color, due to mutations in two regulatory genes.
Grapes grow in a cluster of 15 to 300 can be in colors like black, crimson, dark blue, yellow, orange and red.
This super food cultivation dates back to 8,000 years ago in the region which is now called Middle East.
The Polyphenols in grapes are powerful antioxidants which have to slow or even prevent the development of many cancers including esophageal, mouth, lung,endometrial, prostate and colon.
The fiber along with potassium in grapes serves to lower blood pressure. Potassium has a vasodilating effect on the blood vessels and can lower the resistance to the blood flow ultimately helping in people suffering from hypertension. Low level of potassium is as a big as risk factor as a high sodium intake.
A high potassium intake can lower down the risk of dying from various illnesses as much as 20%
The high water content of grapes along with fiber stimulates intestinal peristalsis and gets rid of constipation and bloating. The water content in grapes prevent stools from drying out which makes them difficult to pass.
Grapes are miracle fruit for people suffering from insomnia. Grapes are the only fruit which contain Melatonin, a hormone which regulates the sleep-wake cycle. Eating a serving of grapes before bed time can help you enjoy a good night’s sleep.
The antioxidant, quercetin has an anti inflammatory effect and helps in relieving symptoms like runny nose, water eyes and hives. It can also be beneficial in people suffering from sore throat .
Quercetin found in the skin of red grapes has been found useful in people suffering form Alzheimer’s Disease.