Pitaya or pitahaya is a fruit of the several cactus species native to the Americas. Dragon fruit which is usually called pitahaya belongs to the genus Hylorcereus.
The variety of dragon fruit widely available has white pulp with black seeds. A less common variety has red pulp with black seeds.
Being a rich source of vitamin C, dragon fruit slows down the aging process. A single serving 100g of dragon fruit provides you 34% of daily value of vitamin Vitamin C. Vitamin C, also known as an antioxidant vitamin, boosts the production of collagen providing you a skin that is blemish free and devoid of wrinkles.
Being affluent in antioxidants, dragon fruit improves your immune system and increase its capability to fight infection and viruses.
The seeds of dragon fruit provide a substantial source of polyunsaturated fats(omega 3 and omega 6 fattyacids) that lowers the blood triglyceride levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disorders.
Dragon fruit seeds are responsible for a slightly laxative effect and helpful in people suffering from constipation.
Dragon fruits promotes intestinal peristalsis due to its seeds being a good source of polyunsaturated fatty acids.
The red flesh variety of dragon fruit is rich in lycopene. Lycopene is a pigment which give dragon fruits its red color and has been found beneficial in lowering the risk of prostate cancer.
Being a powerhouse of antioxidants, dragon fruits fights free radicals which are a common cause for the growth of cancer causing cells.
Being a good source of iron, dragon fruit is helpful in people suffering from anemia. Iron is the most important nutrient in red blood cells and helps in transporting oxygen to the tissues.
Deficiency of iron can result in anemia which is characterized by fatigue, irritability and shortness of breath.